Sudan: Details of constitutional declaration emerge

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On Sunday, Sudan’s ruling military council and opposition protest leaders signed a constitutional declaration, paving the way for a transitional government to rule the country over the next three years, until elections are held.

The declaration specifies how the transitional government will be formed, comprising of figures selected by the military council and leading opposition group. It also sets out a number of declarations regarding human rights and freedoms for Sudanese citizens under the transition period.

Details of Sudan’s constitutional declaration emerge

The formal signing of the document will take place on August 17, in front of foreign dignitaries. The next day, military generals and protest leaders are expected to announce the structure of the transitional government that will replace the Transitional Military Council (TMC) currently in charge.

According to reports from Al Jazeera, numerous details of the agreement have already been confirmed:

  • The transitional period will last for 36 months, starting from the official signing of the constitutional declaration on August 17.
  • Military generals and protest leaders will create a sovereign council (transitional government), which will oversee the creation of a council of ministers and a legislative council.
  • The sovereign council will be a governing body of 11 members governing body, which will rule Sudan for just over three years.
  • The body will comprise of five military personnel chosen by the TMC and five civilians selected by the FFC. The 11th member will be a civilian chosen in agreement by the two parties.
  • The sovereign council will be led by a military general during the first 21 months, then a civilian for the remaining 18 months.
  • The prime minister will be appointed by the FFC.
  • The prime minister will form a cabinet of 20 ministers from nominees selected by the FFC. However, the interior and defence ministers will be appointed by the military members of the sovereign council.
  • Legal action cannot be taken against members of the transitional government without permission from the legislative council.
  • The legislative council will be independent with no more than 300 members, 40 percent of which will be female.
  • The FFC will appoint 67 percent of the legislative council’s members.
  • The remaining members of the legislative council will be chosen by other political groups with no affiliation to former president Omar al-Bashir.
  • Sudan’s armed forces and the Rapid Support Forces will be led by the commander of the armed forces, who also heads the sovereign council for the first 21 months.

The agreement also states that new policies will be developed over the next six months contains a chapter of human rights stating that arbitrary arrests, torture, intimidation and rights abuses will not take place under the transitional government.

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About Aaron Brooks

Aaron Brooks is a UK journalist who wants to cut out the international agendas in news. Spending his early years in both England and Northern Ireland he saw the difference between reality and media coverage at an early age. After graduating from the University of Chester with a BA in journalism, his travels revealed just how large the gap between news and the real world can be. As Editor-in-Chief at East Africa Monitor, it’s his job to provide a balanced view of what’s going on in the region for English-speaking audiences.